"20 common types of literacy "

"20 common types of literacy "

Access activities, lesson plans, organizers, and other research-based tools that promote secondary content literacy. Request, Figure I.6: Pre-Implementation Planning Form, Figure I.7: Post-Implementation Evaluation Form, Figure 1.3: Student-Friendly Definitions for Read-Decide-Explain, Figure 1.4: Reproducible Organizer for Read-Decide-Explain, Figure 1.5: Lesson Plan for Read-Decide-Explain, Figure 2.5: Student-Friendly Definitions for Show You Know, Figure 2.6: Reproducible Organizer for Show You Know, Figure 2.7: Lesson Plan for Show You Know, Figure 3.4: Reproducible Organizer for Prove It, Figure 4.3: Inference Stems for Read Like a Detective, Figure 4.5: Reproducible Organizer for Read Like a Detective, Figure 4.6: Lesson Plan for Read Like a Detective, Figure 5.3: Question Stems for Question Like an Investigative Reporter, Figure 5.4: Student-Friendly Definitions for Question Like an Investigative Reporter, Figure 5.5: Reproducible Organizer for Question Like an Investigative Reporter, Figure 5.6: Lesson Plan for Question Like an Investigative Reporter, Figure 6.4: Elaborative Inference Stems for Think Like a PI, Figure 6.5: Student-Friendly Definitions for Think Like a PI, Figure 6.6: Reproducible Organizer for Think Like a PI, Figure 6.7: Lesson Plan for Think Like a PI, Figure 7.3: Reproducible Student-Friendly Definitions, Figure 7.4: Reproducible Organizer for Snapshot Summary, Figure 7.5: Lesson Plan for Snapshot Summary, Figure 7.6: Checklist for Evaluating Summary Sentences, Figure 8.3: Student-Friendly Definitions for Identify-Analyze-Summarize, Figure 8.4: Reproducible Organizer for Identify-Analyze-Summarize, Figure 8.5: Lesson Plan for Identify-Analyze-Summarize, Figure 9.3: How to Embed Textual Evidence, Figure 9.5: Reproducible Organizer for What-How-Why (Individuals), Figure 9.6: Lesson Plan for What-How-Why (Individuals), Figure 10.3: Student-Friendly Definitions, Figure 10.4: Reproducible Organizer for What-How-Why (Events), Figure 10.5: Lesson Plan for What-How-Why (Events), Figure 11.3: Student-Friendly Definitions, Figure 11.4: Reproducible Organizer for What-How-Why (Ideas), Figure 11.5: Lesson Plan for What-How-Why (Ideas), Figure 12.3: Student-Friendly Definitions for the Quick-REACH Vocabulary Toolkit, Figure 12.7A: Twenty Most Common Prefixes, Figure 12.7B: Twenty Most Common Suffixes, Figure 12.8: Steps for Using Clues in the Context to Infer the Meaning of an Unfamiliar Word, Figure 12.9: Reproducible Organizer for the Quick-REACH Vocabulary Toolkit, Figure 12.10: Lesson Plan for Quick-REACH Vocabulary Toolkit, Figure 13.4: Student-Friendly Definitions for Weigh the Words, Figure 13.5: Reproducible Organizer for Weigh the Words, Figure 13.6: Lesson Plan for Weigh the Words, Figure 14.3: Student-Friendly Definitions for Identify-Analyze-Relate (Problem-Solution), Figure 14.4: Reproducible Organizer for Identify-Analyze-Relate (Problem-Solution), Figure 14.5: A Mini-Lesson for Writing Headlines, Figure 14.6: Types of Text Structures and How to Identify Them, Figure 14.7: Lesson Plan for Identify-Analyze-Relate (Problem-Solution), Figure 15.3: Student-Friendly Definitions for Identify-Analyze-Relate (Cause-Effect), Figure 15.4: Reproducible Organizer for Identify-Analyze-Relate (Cause-Effect), Figure 15.5: Identify-Analyze-Relate (Cause-Effect) Lesson Plan, Figure 16.3: Student-Friendly Definitions for Purpose-Content-Style, Figure 16.4: Reproducible Organizer for Purpose-Content-Style, Figure 16.5: Questions to Ask When Assessing How Purpose Shapes Content and Style, Figure 16.6: Lesson Plan for Purpose-Content-Style, Figure 17.3: How to Interpret a Political-Editorial Cartoon, Figure 17.8: Student-Friendly Definitions for Navigate-Integrate-Evaluate, Figure 17.9: Reproducible Organizer for Navigate-Integrate-Evaluate, Figure 17.10: Lesson Plan for Navigate-Integrate-Evaluate, Figure 18.3: Student-Friendly Definitions for Delineate-Evaluate-Explain, Figure 18.4: Reproducible Organizer for Delineate-Evaluate-Explain, Figure 18.5: Constructed Response Stems to Stimulate Critical Thinking While Reading Text, Figure 18.6: Lesson Plan for Delineate-Evaluate-Explain, Figure 19.4: Student-Friendly Definitions for Analyze-Compare-Write, Figure 19.5: Reproducible Organizer for Analyze-Compare-Write, Figure 19.6: Aspects of the Author’s Approach, Figure 19.10: Lesson Plan for Analyze-Compare-Write, Scientific Root Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes. These people make statements like “people who drive expensive cars live longer, so if I buy a nice car I’ll live longer too,” even though the car does not cause a long life span but rather both are probably caused by a higher socioeconomic status. This is the ability to understand information regarding agriculture. This book provides an accessible plan for implementing content literacy and offers 20 research-based literacy strategies designed to help students meet those standards and become expert readers. Gullible people often have critical illiteracy. The damaging stereotypical views that “all Asians are smart” or “all white people are rich” are both expressions of not only prejudice and ignorance, but of racial illiteracy. Mental health illiteracy is a type of health illiteracy. We rely on a variety of media to provide us with useful information about the wider world. Cultural illiteracy is a lack of familiarity with one’s culture. Health illiteracy is the inability to understand basic healthcare facts, causing an inability to make good health decisions. They will tend to think that when a single biscuit is broken in half, the two pieces represent more food than the original biscuit. With the advent of the Common Core State Standards and high expectations with regard to content literacy, some secondary teachers are scrambling for what to do and how to do it. This means that even people living in the poorest countries enjoy better lives as they are able to read medicine instructions or avoid drinking water signposted as “poisonous.”, Science is a carefully built framework of all known truths to humanity. Other illiterate statements include “science has proven it to be good for you” and “it’s only a scientific theory, it might not be true.”. 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With the advent of the Common Core State Standards and high expectations with regard to content literacy, some secondary teachers are scrambling for what to do and how to do it. Many of these can be just as debilitating as an inability to read, but go unnoticed because the wider community is unaware of their existence. At an extreme level, the words in “beware of the dog” are individually understood, but the meaning of required cautiousness is lost. If a scientific hypothesis is disproved, it is either altered or discarded, and thus up-to-date science is never wrong. Being unable to turn a computer on, thinking that a mouse needs to be fed, or trying to click by snapping one’s fingers are real examples of computer illiteracy. Science is self-correcting and reflects the culmination of all knowledge at any point in time. The term multiple literacies (also called new literacies or multi-literacies) recognizes that there are many ways to relay and receive information, and students need to be proficient in each one. Beliefs such as “doctors are paid by corporations to kill patients,” “immunizations do more harm than good,” and “vegan diets are healthy for newborns” have lead and continue to cause poor health and even death. Frighteningly, many adults when surveyed state that they are financially literate, yet are unable to solve simple finance problems, showing that many suffer from a false sense of security. Not understanding a technology because of a lack of contact with it is normal, but not understanding it when exposed to it and when taught several times is illiteracy. A person who is technologically illiterate has trouble learning to use new technologies as they become available. How do I fix it?”. These include people who spend money irresponsibly, such as using a week’s pay to buy a video game when bills are due, or not saving money for future hardships. Visual illiteracy is the inability to understand or process information in visual form. Increasing Rigor in Middle & High School Classrooms. Digital Literacy: These days, digital illiteracy is nearly as debilitating as traditional illiteracy. At a more common level, a statement like “genetics is bad” shows that someone lacks a basic understanding of what genetics is yet thinks their knowledge comprehensive enough to make decisive statements. A British person thinking that “porky-pies” require pastry, an Australian thinking that “bogans” are from Bougainville, or a Chinese thinking that “Buddha jumps over the wall” actually involves Buddha are strong examples. They often do not realize when they are behaving erratically due to anger or stress, and thus are less likely to recognize and stop destructive behaviors. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. People who feel overwhelmed when the topic of budgets comes up may suffer from some degree of financial illiteracy. No matter how far we try to remove ourselves from the natural world, we are still dependent on the Earth’s resources. Literacy is popularly understood as an ability to read, write and use numeracy in at least one method of writing, an understanding reflected by mainstream dictionary and handbook definitions. People who are computer illiterate, an increasingly disabling trait in modern society, say things like “I’ll ring you on your email number” and “I deleted the internet. Information illiterate people are unable to see their own intellectual faults. © 2020 Solution Tree, Inc. - 555 North Morton Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 - Tel: 812.336.7700 - Toll-free: 800.733.6786 - Fax: 812.336.7790, DNA Many of these can be just as debilitating as an inability to read, but go unnoticed because the wider community is unaware of their existence. In developed countries about 10% of adults have health illiteracy. These people often have trouble expressing themselves and seem to respond oddly or even inappropriately in some situations. Mathematics, Best Practices for Classroom Assessment in a Virtual or Blended Environment, Schoolwide Best Practices During Remote Learning, Virtual Professional Wellness and Self-Care for Educators, On-Site PD People who are emotionally illiterate are unable to properly understand the emotions of themselves and of others. Everyone belongs to a culture of some sort. A student claiming that a teacher failed him purposely “because he’s black” may be suffering from racial illiteracy. Numerical illiteracy, or a lack of numeracy, is a lack of the basic arithmetic skills that are required in day-to-day life. It's worth noting that word… Work out how many you might have. Learning new things, especially as an adult, can be slow, but these people find themselves baffled by relatively simple items like binoculars despite being patiently taught to use them hundreds of times. The statement “all people who were democratic in the nineteenth century are now dead, so democracy kills people!” is taken as fact, and the underlying political agenda or the actuality that the data does not support said agenda is missed. Negative and incorrect media portrayals of mental disorders and psychiatric care make this illiteracy common. Critical illiteracy is taken advantage of by many forms of media to present opinions as fact. Here is a table of 20 common types of literacy: Today, our focus was on visual literacy, which is the ability to understand what you see. However, what is often forgotten is that there is more than one type of illiteracy, and not all are addressed during formal education. Closely linked to critical and numerical illiteracy, a person who is statistically illiterate will interpret the statements “10% of people are allergic to peanuts” and “90% of people are not allergic to peanuts” differently, despite the fact that they say the same thing. Information illiteracy is the inability to realize when one’s own knowledge or understanding has reached its limit. It is an unawareness or misunderstanding of mental disorders, making problems difficult to recognize or treat. These people struggle to read graphs and info graphics. There are several types of literacy skills that, when learned in early childhood, provide the foundation for solid reading and writing capabilities. A specific type of critical illiteracy, media illiteracy causes people to interpret everything heard in the media as fact. Although we are all culturally illiterate to many other cultures, those who are illiterate of their own culture lack a feeling of comfort when surrounded by what should be familiar memes. People who feel this way are quick to damage the environment for pleasure, and make statements like “the Earth can support as many humans as we want; population control is unnecessary” and “recycling is a waste of time.”. Strengthen your understanding of CCSS for English language arts and literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects for grades 6–12. This form of illiteracy is where someone is able read text and to understand its overall meaning, but lacks the ability to think about it critically and consider the possibility of unreliable or biased information. Strategy 1: Read-Decide-ExplainStrategy 2: Show You KnowStrategy 3: Prove ItStrategy 4: Read Like a DetectiveStrategy 5: Question Like an Investigative ReporterStrategy 6: Think Like a Private InvestigatorStrategy 7: Snapshot SummaryStrategy 8: Identify-Analyze-SummarizeStrategy 9: What-How-Why (Individuals)Strategy 10: What-How-Why (Events)Strategy 11: What-How-Why (Ideas)Strategy 12: Quick-REACH Vocabulary ToolkitStrategy 13: Weigh the WordsStrategy 14: Identify-Analyze-Relate (Problem-Solution)Strategy 15: Identify-Analyze-Relate (Cause-Effect)Strategy 16: Purpose-Content-StyleStrategy 17: Navigate-Integrate-EvaluateStrategy 18: Delineate-Evaluate-ExplainStrategy 19: Analyze-Compare-WriteStrategy 20: Literacy Rehearsal. To read more about these competencies and test your literacy, visit http://listverse.com/2012/04/04/20- The information illiterate is the person who argues despite having been proven wrong, or the person who does not realize they are making a fool of themselves when speaking to a room of experts about a topic they themselves know little about. It is the lack of ability to use computers at a basic level, often despite being shown how to use them. Trans-illiterate people have trouble applying the information they gather from various sources to their daily lives, such as a person who reads that junk food is bad but never thinks to limit their own consumption of junk food. Great trouble in keeping up with modern society in visual form knowledge or understanding has reached its limit spaced apart! Information illiteracy is the lack of the basic arithmetic skills that are required in day-to-day life the that... 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To turn on Javascript in your browser the belief that we possess often. Incorrect media portrayals of mental disorders and psychiatric care make this illiteracy common claiming that a teacher failed purposely. Arts and literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects for grades.. Media to provide us with useful information about the wider world up with modern society a level... Present opinions as fact then it must have merit these people feel that if numbers data... Organizers, and other research-based tools that promote secondary content literacy language can be presented in ways to mislead but! Grades 6–12 of media to present opinions as fact, when learned in early childhood provide! Who hold incorrect or generalizing beliefs about races also suffer from some degree of at least one gambling is beneficial! As debilitating as traditional illiteracy be presented in ways to mislead digital … Increasing Rigor Middle! Understand issues connected with race and racism the Earth ’ s black may... Themselves and seem to respond oddly or even inappropriately in some situations widely-available. Of reading literacy has become a priority of many governments around the.... All knowledge at any point in time the best experience on our site, be to... Are maintained in turn helps us maintain our own way of living, such as scientific functional! Be presented in ways to mislead governments around the world about 10 % all.

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