1943 - General Assembly established Inter - Racial Commission, recognized as the nation's first statutory civil rights agency. When word arrived that the Glorious Revolution had placed William and Mary on the throne, the citizens of Boston arrested Andros and sent him back to England in chains. Effectively residents were restricted to their homes. So, they were not happy about a higher price for their tea. The man credited as the founder of Connecticut was Thomas Hooker, an English yeoman and clergyman born in 1586, at Marfield in Leicester, England.He was educated at Cambridge, where he received a Bachelor's in 1608 and a Master's in 1611. The Navy attracted 250 officers and 2100 men. In the 1750s, the western frontier remained on the other side of New York. (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16) 12,000 - 9,000 years ago - Paleo-Indian Culture Paleo-Indians inhabited the Connecticut region some 10,000 years ago, exploiting the resources along rivers and streams. An estimated 8500-9000 people died, about one percent of the population, and about one-quarter contracted the disease.. With the ethnics loyal to the Democratic Party, and labor unions at their peak, the Democratic Party strongly endorsed the New Deal coalition and its liberalism. The result was that liberal Republican Lowell Weicker won the Senate seat with 42% of the vote. Much of their money went into a great ship sent to London in 1646, with £5000 in cargo of grain and beaver pelts.  Major General Israel Putnam chose Redding as the winter encampment quarters for some 3,000 regulars and militia under his command. of a Hartford Doctor who was a member of the group who asked Reverend Gallaudet to leave France and open this badly needed school. The most serious problem was that it never had a legal title to exist, that is a charter, though the same can be said for Connecticut for most of this period. , Yale College was founded in 1701 to educate ministers and civil leaders. The Great Awakening bitterly divided Congregationalists between the "New Lights" who welcomed the revivals, and the "Old Lights" who used governmental authority to suppress revivals. 1634 - Wethersfield is established as the first permanent settlement by the Dutch. On the other hand, Connecticut's original charter in 1662 granted it all the land to the "South Sea" (i.e. In 1767, tea was The First American music school is opened in Salem, Connecticut. A surge of national unity in 1861 brought thousands flocking to the colors from every town and city. New London and Groton Heights were raided in September 1781 by Connecticut native and turncoat Benedict Arnold. The consociations (where laymen were powerless) could impose discipline on specific churches and judge disputes that arose. Stone tools were used for hunting, fishing, and woodworking. The Native Americans give the state its name: Connecticut comes from the Native First turnpike road company, New London to Norwich, incorporated. 1960 - Ground broken for first building in Hartford's Front Street redevelopment area; now known as Constitution plaza. They also reelected Robert Treat as governor each year until 1698. 1820 - Captain Nathaniel Palmer of Stonington discovers the continent of Antarctica. Then, the town manager was instructed to compile lists and total up the number of taxpayers, the number of eligible voters, how many were "decided republicans," "decided federalists," or "doubtful," and finally to count the number of supporters who were not currently eligible to vote but who might qualify (by age or taxes) at the next election. Using the newly compiled lists of potential voters, the managers were told to get all the eligibles to the town meetings, and help the young men qualify to vote. of various Algonquin tribes, including the Pequot and the Mohicans. The Democrats took a peace position and included many Copperheads willing to let the South secede. According to legend, it was hidden in the Charter Oak. Andros met with the governor and General Court on the evening of October 31, 1687. The participation of Native Allies is in a large part responsible for the Colonial Victory, and this participation was largely due to Connecticut's involvement, as they generally had the best relationships with their local Native tribes, in particular the Mohegans. Connecticut Timeline 1614 --Adriaen Block, representing the Dutch, sails up the Connecticut River. African Americans and Latinos inherited againg urban spaces that were no longer a high priority for the state or private industry. Needless to say, this brought it into territorial conflict with those states which then lay between Connecticut and the Pacific. Connecticut's dependence on the defense industry posed an economic challenge at the end of the Cold War. The old WASP element was still a factor in rural Connecticut, but Catholics comprised 44% of the state's population and dominated all of the industrial cities. Charles Goodyear develops vulcanizing process for rubber. , In 2011 and 2012, Connecticut was hit by three major storms in the space of just over 14 months, with all three causing extensive property damage and electric outages. The following important events in the history of Connecticutaffected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements. These included the 2003 removal from office of the mayors of Bridgeport, Joseph P. Ganim on 16 corruption charges, as well as Waterbury mayor Philip A. Giordano, who was charged with 18 counts of sexual abuse of two girls.. In 1796, the first settlers, led by Moses Cleaveland, began a community which was to become Cleveland, Ohio; in a short time, the area became known as "New Connecticut". First Settlers This is a picture of Adriaen Block. Mellen's abrasive tactics alienated public opinion, led to high prices for acquisitions and to costly construction. With rising unemployment in urban and rural areas producing disaffection with Republican leaders, Connecticut Democrats saw a chance to return to power. The line went bankrupt in 1935, was reorganized and reduced in scope, went bankrupt again in 1961, and in 1969 was merged into the Penn Central system, which itself went bankrupt. Recently arrived Italians, Poles and others had to cancel plans to return to their home villages. " Rapid growth and expansion grew under this new regime.. Debt soared from $14 million in 1903 to $242 million in 1913. After Cromwell died three regicides who (with Cromwell) had voted to execute King Charles I escaped from England and hid in New Haven. The French General the Comte de Rochambeau celebrated the first Catholic Mass in Connecticut at Lebanon in summer 1781 while marching through the state from Rhode Island to rendezvous with General George Washington in Dobbs Ferry, New York. Legally, they were squatters. As they placed it on the table, people blew out all the candles. 1932 - St. Joseph College founded in West Hartford. The word "Connecticut" is a French corruption of the Algonkian word quinetucket, which means "beside the long, tidal river".. landed at New London on the banks of the Thames River. Collegiate School moves to New Haven; called Yale the next year.  This highly coordinated "get-out-the-vote" drive would be familiar to modern political campaigners, but was the first of its kind in world history. At first, Connecticut ignored this situation. Known as the "land of steady habits" for its political, social and religious conservatism, the colony prospered from the trade and farming of its ethnic English Protestant population. Religious and civic leaders in Connecticut around 1700 were distressed by the colony-wide decline in personal religious piety and in church discipline. The Indians wanted to take the lands that had been purchased from the Mohegans. 1810 - Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated. Connecticut designated four delegates to the Second Continental Congress who would sign the Declaration of Independence: Samuel Huntington, Roger Sherman, William Williams, and Oliver Wolcott. The public-sector unions, covering teachers, police, and city and state employees, have become more powerful, with influence in the Democratic Party.. By 1912, the New Haven operated over 2000 miles of track, and 120,000 employees. Reverend Thomas Hooker and the Rev. , Connecticut's extensive industry, its dense population, its flat terrain, its proximity to metropolitan centers, and the wealth of its residents made it favorable grounds for railroad building, starting in 1839. However, the official associations responded by disfellowshipping churches that refuse to comply. The lingering Depression soon gave way to an economic buildup as the United States invested in its defense industry before and during World War II (1941–1945). 1917 - US Navy Submarine School formally established at New London Naval Base, Groton. The name Connecticut is derived from the Mohegan-Pequot word that has been translated as "long tidal river" and "upon the long river", referring to the Connecticut River. His machine, says Lockard, was "efficient, conservative, penurious, and in absolute control. In area it is the third smallest U.S. state, but it ranks among the most densely 1877 - The first telephone exchange in the world is opened in New Haven, Connecticut. The economic recession that began in 2007 took a heavy toll of receipts, and by 2012 both the Mohegan Sun and Foxwoods were deeply in debt.. Group from Dorchester, Massachusetts join Windsor settlement. More complex was the situation of Senator Thomas Dodd, a Democrat who had been censured by the Senate for his misuse of campaign funds. The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hartford, Connecticut, USA. The Firelands now constitutes Erie and Huron Counties, as well as part of Ashland County, Ohio. The system survived to the mid-nineteenth century, well after Congregationalism was officially this disestablished in the state of Connecticut.. More than three-fourths of all adult men provided some form of military service. Starting in the 1830s, and accelerating when Connecticut abolished slavery entirely in 1848, African Americans from in- and out-of-state began relocating to urban centers for employment and opportunity, forming new neighborhoods such as Bridgeport's Little Liberia. 1787 - Connecticut sent three representatives to the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention; Oliver Ellsworth, William Samuel Johnson and The ravages of disease, coupled with trade pressures, invited the Pequots to tighten their hold on the river tribes.  Some of the men were veterans of the winter encampment at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania the previous winter. INTRODUCTION Connecticut History Overview 1614: Adriaen Block, representing the Dutch, sails up the Connecticut River.  J. Henry Roraback was the Republican state leader from 1912 to his death in 1937. The good port locations in Massachusetts had been taken, but with the removal of the Pequot Indians, there were good harbors available on Long Island Sound. New Haven State House erected on the Green. The Massachusetts colonies did not seek to govern their progeny in Connecticut and Rhode Island. That fall and winter the Dutch sent a party upriver as far as modern Springfield, Massachusetts spreading gifts to convince the indigenous inhabitants in the area to bring their trade to the Dutch post at Hartford. Getting word in 1777 of Continental Army supplies in Danbury, the British landed an expeditionary force of some 2,000 troops in Westport, who marched to Danbury and destroyed much of the depot along with homes in Danbury. Indian pressures were relieved for some time by success in the ferocious Pequot War. It was officially established until 1818, and the residents of each town were all required to attend Sunday services and to pay taxes to support it (or else prove they supported a Baptist or some other Protestant church). ConneCT Weicker was repeatedly reelected until being narrowly defeated in 1988. 1766 - Governor Thomas Fitch who refused to reject the Stamp Act defeated by William Pitkin. Connecticut officially extends jurisdiction over Susquehanna Company area in Northern Pennsylvania. Additional incidents began to involve the colonists in the area in 1635, and next spring their raid on Wethersfield prompted the three towns to meet. On April 22, 1662, the Connecticut Colony succeeded in gaining a Royal Charter that embodied and confirmed the self-government that they had created with the Fundamental Orders. The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. However, as the war became a crusade to end slavery, many Democrats (especially Irish Catholics) pulled back. Since Andros viewed New York and Massachusetts as the important parts of his Dominion, he mostly ignored Connecticut. By 1623, the new Dutch West India Company regularly traded for furs there and ten years later they fortified it for protection from the Pequot Indians, as well as from the expanding English colonies. 1806 - Noah Webster publishes the first abbreviated edition of his dictionary of the American language. … [more] Connecticut History Online (CHO) is not yet what its name suggests it is, but it is a fine resource nonetheless. The Platform marked a conservative counter-revolution against a non-conformist tide which had begun with the Halfway Covenant and would later culminate in the Great Awakening in the 1740s. This health center receives HHS funding and has Federal Public Health Service (PHS) deemed status with respect to certain health or health-related claims, including medical malpractice claims, for itself and its covered individuals. District courts Bulkeley to continue two extra years as governor Ella T. 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